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We aimed to assess this association and the most frequent patterns of multimorbidity associated with higher short-term mortality risk among colorectal cancer patients in Spain.


This study aims to estimate daily concentrations of PM2.5 in three areas under the influence of the Industrial and Port Complex of Pecém (CIPP), Ceará State, Brazil.

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In this study, we applied a non-linear model for predicting PM2.5 concentration from AOD retrievals using interaction terms between average temperature, relative humidity, sine, cosine of date in a period of 365,25 days and the square of the lagged relative residual.


To describe and analyse, according to sociodemographic characteristics, the major risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) in adults aged over 18 years, residing in the municipality of Porto Velho, State of Rondonia, during 2006-2011.


The Thesis was divided in two manuscripts. The first manuscript aimed to predict the daily PM2.5 concentrations (Particulate matter with diameter less than 2.5μm) using an aerosol optical depth calibration approach from satellite data with a 3 km resolution in the municipality of Porto Velho, Brazil. The second manuscript analysed whether the time series and case crossover methods produce equivalent risk estimates in the assessment of the air pollution-related health effects in Porto Velho and examined the interaction effect between PM2.5 and temperature on risk of mortality and morbidity for cardiovascular diseases.


Numerical climate models render data in a gridded format which is often problematic for integrated analysis with other kinds of data in jurisdictional formats. In this paper a joint analysis of municipal Gross Domestic Product per capita (GDPc) and predicted temperature increase was undertaken in order to estimate different levels of human and economic exposure. This is based on a method of converting model outputs into a country municipal grid which enabled depicting climate predictions from the Eta-Hadgem2-ES Regional Climate Model (RCM) into the municipal level in Brazil.


The accelerated process of urbanization in the State of Amazônia associated with changes in the patterns of exploitation of natural resources have resulted in several types of environmental impacts, such as urban air pollution produced by forest fires which alters the relationship between urban and rural areas and establishes new vulnerabilities. The scope of this study is to analyze the socio-environmental vulnerability in relation to forest fires and health effects in the urban area of Porto Velho, located in the Brazilian Amazon region.


The intentional burning of forest biomass commonly known as "ground-clearing fires" is an age-old and widespread practice in the country and is seen as a major contributor to global emissions of greenhouse gases. The main objective is to provide information for managers and leaders on environmental issues about the problems related to biomass burning in the Amazon region.


The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure to daily records on air pollution concentrations emitted from the industrial and car emissions and the daily numbers of children outpatient and hospital admissions due to respiratory diseasesunder 6 years in public hospitals and the Universal Healthcare System in the urban area of Vitoria from 2001 to 2003,in individuals of the age groups considered most susceptible to air pollution in the city of Vitoria in Espirito Santo.


Respiratory diseases (RDs) had been the first cause of outpatient assistance in children, which represented 41% of all the consultations registered in the analyzed period. Infections of the superior and inferior aerial ways and asthma had presented high ratios with 55, 30, and 11% of the registers, respectively. An increment in the annual evolution in rates of attendance with a reduction from the year 2007 was observed.


The forest fires in the Amazon region have been a serious environmental problem. Few studies relate to the effects of forest fires on the health of exposed populations. This article aims to study the trend of mortality from respiratory diseases in the elderly, in the period 1998 to 2005, in the state of Rondônia and to correlate with the number of fires.


Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) (Insecta, Diptera, Culicidae) in bromeliads in municipality of Rio de Janeiro. Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) (Insecta: Diptera, Culicidae) was found in bromeliad species at Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Campus, in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Given the possibility of epidemiological impact, we emphasize the importance of studies that evaluate the Bromeliaceae as potential breeding sites in urban areas.


The incidence of pneumoconiosis is probably high among exposed workers, but there is no epidemiological information such as a historical series of hospitalizations in several areas of the country. This study aims to analyze the frequency and distribution of this disease, in Brazil and its states, through the survey of hospital admissions due to pneumoconiosis in the period between 1993 and 2003, and to discuss the possibilities that these admissions were related to the work processes of each region.


The asbestos in Brazil is used mainly in the asbestos cement industry, production of brakes’ tablets, clutch, covering of fl oor, waterproof products and water tubing’s, wiring and weaving of asbestos, fi lters, among others. The objective of this presentation is to show the repercussion of the exposition to asbestos in the textile industry in two familiar groups, through the story of seven cases.

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